The Common Types of Workbenches


Workbenches have been crucial in a variety of industries, such as woodworking, metalworking, and laboratory contexts. Essentially, a working bench is a robust table that's utilized for a variety of tasks, where a level and raised working surface is necessary. The important purpose of a workbench is to supply a dependable foundation from which a worker can undertake their job competently. Let’s discuss the various types of workbenches and their features.

Traditional Workbench

Traditional workbenches are a type of workbench that has been around for centuries and is usually made of wood. Such tables are commonly used in woodworking and metalworking industries and are still widely used today. These benches are specifically designed to be strong and durable, capable of withstanding heavy use.


Cabinetmaker’s Workbench

The cabinetmaker's workbench is a specialized table used for woodworking. It is crafted from hardwood and has a thick, flat, and smooth top that is generally 3-4 inches thick. This provides a sturdy surface for various woodworking activities like cutting, drilling, and sanding. The workbench also includes a vise that enables the woodworker to hold the wood in place while working on it.

Carpenter’s Workbench

The carpenter's workbench is a type of traditional workbench used for woodworking. It is usually made of softwood and has a thinner top than the cabinetmaker's workbench. This workbench is portable and commonly used by carpenters on construction sites. The top of the carpenter's workbench is typically 1-2 inches thick, making it a stable surface for sawing, sanding, and drilling wood.


Blacksmith’s Workbench

The blacksmith's workbench is created particularly for working with metals. It's composed of hardwood and has a thick top that can endure the heat from the forge. Typically, the top is about 3-4 inches thick and is made of tougher wood than a cabinetmaker's workbench. The bench includes a vise that enables the blacksmith to firmly grip the metal while working on it.

Workbench with Vice

A workbench with a built-in vise is designed to clamp objects securely while working on them. The vise can be attached to the bench top or incorporated into the design for added stability and support. A workbench with vice is commonly used in mechanic shops, metalworking, and woodworking, where objects need to be held in place during sanding, cutting, or drilling. Such benches are also useful for precision tasks like watch repair or jewelry making.

Modern Workbenches

Workbenches in modern times are versatile and fit for use across various industries, such as electronics, laboratories, and industrial settings. They are ergonomically designed and made of different materials to enhance user experience compared to traditional benches.

Electronic Workbench

The electronic workbench is specifically created for electronics-related tasks. It is constructed with a static electricity-resistant material like laminated particleboard and has a top that's roughly 1 inch thick. The top is designed to minimize glare, which assists workers in reading schematics and working with small electronic components. The electronic bench has a power strip and additional features that allow workers to complete their electronics-related activities more easily.


Laboratory Workbench

The laboratory workbench is a piece of furniture specifically designed for use in laboratories. It is made of materials, such as stainless steel or epoxy resin, that can withstand exposure to chemicals. The workbench top is typically 1-2 inches thick and is also resistant to chemicals, which makes it easier for workers to perform experiments and tests. The bench includes features like sinks, gas taps, and electrical outlets to facilitate laboratory activities.

Industrial Workbench

The industrial workbench is intended for factory and production line usage. It is sturdily built from materials like steel to handle demanding workloads. The work surface thickness is generally around 2-3 inches and is resistant to impact and abrasions. It comes equipped with convenient features like tool racks, drawers, and shelves for easy task completion by workers.

DIY Workbenches

DIY workbenches are intended for people who want to do simple projects at home or in their garage. They are usually constructed from easily obtainable materials and can be built with basic tools.


Sawhorse Workbench

The sawhorse workbench is meant for cutting wood and similar substances. It's often constructed from wood and comprises two sawhorses that function as legs to uphold the top. The top surface of the sawhorse bench is usually made of 1-inch thick plywood. Being portable, this type of workbench can be effortlessly taken apart and stored away.

Foldable Workbench

The foldable workbench is specifically made for people who have a small area in their workshop or garage. It's usually crafted from wood and has a top surface that can be folded when not in use. The table is designed to be easily movable, making it a portable workbench.

Wall-Mounted Workbench

The wall-mounted workbench is intended for people who have limited space in their garage or workshop. It is typically constructed of wood and can be folded up against the wall. The wall-mounted workbench is intended to save space and can be installed using basic tools without difficulty.

Specialty Workbenches

Specialty workbenches are tailored to meet the needs of particular industries or activities that demand specific features and functionalities. They are custom-made and created with specific requirements in mind.


Jeweler’s Workbench

The jeweler's workbench is specifically made for creating jewelry. It is usually crafted from hardwood and has a scratch-resistant top that is 2-3 inches thick. It also has a small tray for holding tools and a vise to securely hold the jewelry while working on it.

Watchmaker’s Workbench

A watchmaker's workbench is usually constructed using hardwood and has a top that is 2-3 inches thick. The workbench top is scratch-resistant and includes a small tray where watchmaking tools can be kept. The working table also has a vise that assists the watchmaker in holding the watch firmly while working on it.

Gunsmith’s Workbench

A gunsmith's workbench is typically constructed from hardwood. It features a scratch-resistant top that's roughly 2-3 inches thick. An added tray holds essential gunsmithing tools, along with a vise to securely hold the gun during work.


Factors to Consider When Choosing a Workbench

Size and Weight

Choose a workbench that matches the task requirements. If the bench is too small or light, it may not be stable enough. Conversely, if the workbench is too large or heavy, it may be hard to move.

Durability and Strength

The workbench needs to be tough and sturdy to handle heavy use. It must be constructed from materials able to endure impacts, abrasions, and other forms of damage.

Purpose and Function

The workbench is suitable for the task or industry at hand. For instance, a carpenter would not be able to use a jeweler's workbench, and a DIY enthusiast may find an industrial workbench too big and heavy.


When picking a workbench, balance cost with durability and functionality. Cheaper workbenches may not be as good quality, so it's worth considering investing in a more expensive option. However, you should also keep your budget in mind and choose a workbench that you can afford.

Ergonomics and Comfort

For optimal comfort and posture, the workbench should be set at a height that suits the user and provides sufficient clearance for comfortable seating, promoting good ergonomics.


Choosing the right workbench is crucial for individuals and industries that rely on a sturdy and even surface for their tasks. There are various types of workbenches, such as industrial, DIY, and specialty. Consider factors such as size, weight, durability, purpose, cost, and ergonomics when selecting a working table. By doing so, people can perform their tasks effectively and safely.